The history of the Sardinian nuraghes is yet to be explored, It is true that the island offers all the original buildings of the modern archaeology that attaches to a population coming from the sea, with great probability from the sea and impiantatasi spread the nuragic civilization known as scattered throughout the territory of those wonderful megalithic structures that we now call nuraghes. On the island have found more or less 8 mila nuraghi, many of them are still unchanged its structure in the form of Tower. Among the most famous and best preserved cannot but remember Su Nuraxi in Barumini website. The territory is told of the Marmilla and the megalithic complex located on the main road from the village of Barumini leads directly to Tuilli. The typology of the nuraghe and is said to be born and belongs to the complex chose a plateau that rises to less than 230 meters above sea level. The central tower is surrounded by a rampart with four towers and the structure is contained within a space bordered by tall walls in hexagonal plant. What was supposed to be a defensive wall was inhabited by seven other towers that would strike the eye a certain reverence. The central structure is thought to have been built around the 12TH – 11th century b. c.. Other notable nuraghe is to S. Antine to Torralba. The nuraghe takes its name directly from San Costantino and traditionally is known as “de Santu Antine” literally San Costantino. The impressive and well-preserved represents today one of the most grandiose present settlements throughout the island. The material of construction is the central body and trachyte is embraced by a triangular bastion closed corners by three great towers. Within a beautiful courtyard and a well. The central tower has a height of 17 meters and a diameter of 15 Although originally his height had to be much higher, Obviously the 20 meters approx.. Charming and well preserved even Nuraghe of Losa-Abbasanta site in the province of Oristano. Less than three kilometres from what is now the village of Abbasanta Nuraghe is easily reachable by following the highway 131. The complex consists of a portentous and well-kept nuraghe he originally was to be defended by a rampart. To remind us of this structure today remain only de towers. The village that stood adjacent to the nuraghe was enclosed within a great wall which is equipped with towers for sighting and probably to the defence. Remember also the nuraghe Orrubiu Orroli. Located at an altitude of 500 meters and it was built on a plateau that dominates on countries of Orroli Nurri. The nuraghe is an excellent specimen of penta lobato and structure still no trace of a central tower is protected by a rampart with five towers which in turn had to be fortified and guarded by a Barbican with seven towers. The site had to be especially strategic if you think Southwest complex was reinforced by an additional wall with five towers. Finally, to visit the beautiful Alghero nuraghe Palmavera. The structure divides evenly across the Gulf of Alghero to Porto conte and counting today as yesterday of an ancient tower which was added in later times a stone boundary with irregular elliptical shape and a second tower that communicated with the central courtyard. The whole was surrounded by a perimeter wall with 5 towers and around a large village was willing. Archaeologists have dated the complex around the 13TH – 6th century b.c..
Art in Sardinia – The bronzes
Famous and well known for their artistic and archaeological value, both in Italy and the rest of the world, When we speak of Sardinian bronzes are normally we refer to bronze statues of small size dating back to the VIII – The 5th century b. c.. Depict men, Warriors, animals and are the result of the creativity of the nuragic peoples. Today still remain within the national museums of Sardinia, about 400.
Archaeological sites of Sardinia
Among the most beautiful to visit the Archaeological Park of Nora, in the province of Cagliari. Its archaeological findings often show wonderful mosaics depicting the life that had to be then daily. We have the opportunity to peek inside the beautiful houses of nobles of yesteryear, have no idea how they look then popular spas which among other things remain exceptional archaeological residues. Belli also finds part of temples and homes but among the most beautiful structures to observe in the amphitheatre Nora certainly small yet cosy.
Other archaeological site which deserves to be visited is the one of Tharros, in the province of Oristano in the territory of San Giovanni di Sinis. The city was founded by the Phoenicians and today is one of the most important archaeological sites and museums around the Mediterranean. Instead, you will be able to visit Anguilla the remains of the castle of Acquafredda. Once again we are in the province of Cagliari in the so-called Valley of Cixerri. Soon the eye will be attracted to a fortress that used to appear inaccessible. Built during the 13th century by count Ugolino della Gherardesca, still today tells of fascination and fear which was to strike yesterday. Its constructor as many will recall was mentioned by Dante Alighieri in his Divine Comedy in Canto of hell. In provincia di Oristano will also visit the Roman baths of Fordongianus, located in the valle del Tirso. The city formerly known under the name of Forum Traianus in Roman times was to be one of the most important settlements of Sardinia and was part of that system should contain the fortified constant raids inaugurated by post. A visit to the beauty of the landscape and the importance of the necropolis of Pranu Matteddu in the province of Cagliari in Goni. It is one of the most important testimonies to the presence of Neolithic man on the island which is also in the track “domus de janas, carved into large blocks of sandstone. Instead, it will be possible to Sant’Antioco admire one of the best preserved tophet, housed in the ancient Punic necropolis.
Most of the towers that still today can be admired throughout the island were built during the 1500 – 1600 with purely defensive and sighting. These were located right along the coast, because normally the oncoming danger from the sea. They were constructed at strategic points and had the ability to communicate with each other through simple smoke signals fire and warned of the danger that in short time intervals the inhabitants of coastal towns. They had the aim to defend ports, traps, mines, salt marshes and villages often attacked by swift and bloody raids by Saracen pirates.